Social status as one of the reasons for substance abuse

Nowadays much has changed in a social status of a typical drug addict. With the advent of modern and expensive drugs (cocaine, "crack", "ecstasy") more and more individuals with high social status, from wealthy families are involved. Though previously substance abuse was common among people that grew up in dysfunctional families, with an unhealthy psychological climate, with constant conflicts and conflicting methods of education (lack of warmth and caring). These families are often characterized by low moral and ethical level, a tendency to asocial and antisocial actions. However there is no direct influence of the material and living conditions. Today the reality is that people from dysfunctional families are the main consumers of cheap, artisanal opioids (opium extract) and cannabis preparations ("outdoor marijuana").

It is impossible not to mention the fact that most addicts have adverse psychological or neurological preclinical background: the delay of early psychomotor development, enuresis, heredity burdened by mental disorders, generic trauma, brain injury, neurological infection. Substance abuse among this category of people has biological underground. Not only biological factors play negative role, but also psychological. A large disposition to addiction lies in the individual characteristics of the human psyche.

Scientific studies show that the propensity to substance abuse is also caused by a low level of intellectual development, which is manifested in the limited interests of the individual, the depletion of emotional, moral feelings, personality orientation on consumption and entertainment. So, it turns out that cultural aspect plays an important role in the occurrence of addiction. A young person who has certain goals in life, claims to a rightful place in the society, is socially active, leads a healthy lifestyle, in most cases will not step on the path of drug addiction. Lack of a clear system of values​​, positive evaluation of substance abuse leads to the "acquaintance" with dangerous substances and means causing substance abuse.

Analyzing all the above factors, we can conclude that the motivation of the beginning of substance use is complex. The motivation of episodic drinking or using substances is mainly laid in a certain state of micro - and macro-environment. The transformation of episodic use of psychoactive substances into addiction usually takes place in cases with aggravated mental and neurological history and certain types of character accentuation. Influence of the unfavorable socio-cultural environment significantly increases the negative impact of biological and psychopathological factors. The problem of substance abuse and psychological characteristics of drug abuse should be carefully studied by sociologists and psychologists.